Weight Loss Surgery
Weight Loss Surgery or bariatric surgery is designed for those people who are extremely obese and are unable to lose weight even after trying other options like dieting and exercising. Although, weight loss surgeries are of different types, their purpose is the same. It’s either to restrict the amount of food intake or the way you digest your food and take up the nutrients. However, before opting for a weight loss surgery, you need to make sure, if or not you are a candidate for losing weight surgically.
Are you a weight loss surgery candidate?
- You can go for a weight loss surgery if –
- You are an adult and extremely obese.
- You are suffering from a health condition(s) as a result of obesity.
- You are aware of the pros and cons of the surgery.
- You are ready to make changes in your lifestyle to shed your overly extra kilos.
- You are ready to change your food habits and the way you eat.
What about obese teenagers? Well, generally, a weight loss surgery is not recommended to teenagers, until and unless they are too obese, their BMI (Body Mass Index) is equal to or more than 35 and they suffer from any weight related health condition.
What are the types of weight loss surgeries?
Getting a weight loss surgery means, your doctor will make some alterations in your stomach/small intestine or both. Four of the main surgical methods are given as under –
- Adjustable gastric band – During this surgery, your doctor puts a ring fitted with an inner band (inflatable) around the upper part of your stomach. It creates a small bag or pouch that gives you the feeling of a full stomach even after eating a little amount of food.
- Gastric Bypass – This process helps you shed your weight by altering the way your stomach as well as your small intestine manage the food you consume. This surgery makes your stomach smaller which makes your feel full easily, thus making you eat less. It comprises two steps – first, to staple your stomach to a smaller size than before and second, bypass the food you eat. It is also known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
- Gastric Sleeve – In this process, most of the parts of your stomach is removed. What is left is a banana-shaped portion closed from all the ends. It reduces the amount of food your stomach can hold. This surgery can also affect the hormones and bacteria in your gut influencing your metabolism and appetite. It is an irreversible surgery.
- Duodenal Switch – This process comprises two different surgeries. The first part is, more or less, similar to gastric sleeve. And, the second part involves redirecting the food to sidestep most of the portion of the small intestine. Also, the bypassed portion is reattached to the small intestine’s last part. It allows the digestive juices to blend the food well.
How much weight can you lose?
How much weight you lose after a bariatric surgery largely depends on you and the type of surgical procedure you underwent.
What to expect after a surgery?
After your surgery is complete, all you need to do is take rest and gradually recover. Follow-up treatments might vary from person to person. However, in most of the cases, you need to take supplements prescribed by your doctor to avoid shortage of nutrients. Light exercising, like walking, can help you recover quickly. Most importantly, you need to eat as per your dietary chart designed by your doctor.