Hepatitis B is caused by hepatitis B virus that causes of inflammation of liver. The swelling and inflammation of the liver affects the function. If hepatitis is diagnosed at early stage, it can lead to cirrhosis. However; if detected in the later stages it causes permanent failure of the liver. Hepatitis B is one of the major causes of liver cancer in the world.
It is a contagious virus and spreads through contact of infected saliva, blood and other fluids in the body.
Transmission of hepatitis B is through
Unlike other form of hepatitis, hepatitis B is not transmitted through air, water and food.
It is difficult to diagnose hepatitis B, because the symptoms may not appear for months or even year. Symptoms of hepatitis include join pains, mild fever, dark urine, signs of jaundice, loss of appetite and weakness.
There are 2 types of diagnosis
Treating acute hepatitis infection
Acute hepatitis does not need any special treatment. Proper diet and adequate fluid are enough for the body to fight the infection.
Treating chronic hepatitis B
Chronic hepatitis causes liver disease, hence it is important to get and prevent it from spreading.
Prevention of hepatitis B
Hepatitis B vaccine prevents the infection; people of all age group can get this vaccine. The vaccine is given in 3 or 4 shots; also; a combination vaccine that protects against Hepatitis B and Hepatitis A is available.
Another way to avoid the virus is by being alert; not sharing needles, toothbrush and razor with the infected person and having protected sex.