Nausea is an uneasiness feeling often occurs before vomiting. Vomiting is an uncontrollable spontaneous effect that shoves out the contents of the stomach through the mouth. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases but they are symptoms related to one or more diseases. Nausea and vomiting may cause together or in separate. In general, nausea and vomiting are common symptoms and are caused by a wide range of factors. Both are not fixed for certain age groups but they occur in children as well as in adults. Nausea and vomiting are common sensations seen in pregnant women and cancer patients.

Main Causes of Nausea and Vomiting

In general, nausea and vomiting are caused due to different reasons, which are classified into psychological and physical conditions. These are some main causes leading to nausea and vomiting.

  • Food poisoning, emotional stress, and motion sickness.

  • Indigestion, morning sickness and exposure to chemical toxins.

  • Viral infections like gastroenteritis.

  • During the early stage of pregnancy.

  • Inner ear infections.

  • Consumption of some chemotherapy medicines.

  • Migraine, Appendicitis, stones in kidney, inflammation of the pancreas, and ulcers in the stomach.

Treatments offered for Nausea and Vomiting

As both nausea and vomiting sensations are caused due to a wide range of reasons, treatment is based on cause. Depending upon cause and severity of the condition, the treatment differs. In general, if nausea and vomiting sensation causes due to indigestion, infection or food poisoning, it will last for 1 or 2 days. It is suggestible to find the cause before going to treatment. Once you find the actual reason behind nausea and vomiting, you can take medicine and make changes to your diet as per the requirement.

If nausea is in severe condition resulting in frequent vomiting then the body will get dehydrated leading to more sickness. So it is advisable to take more fluids during this condition. There are many medications which are suggested for nausea or vomiting condition. Some of the medications include Benadryl (diphenhydramine), Phenergan (promethazine) and tigan (trimethobenzamide). There are some medications offered for nausea which can be used even during pregnancy.

There are some chronic conditions which cause nausea or vomiting sensation i.e., if you are suffering from any specific disease, you may feel vomiting sensation. Suppose if a person suffers from a migraine then the person may feel nausea/vomiting sensation when he/she subjected to continuous journeys or while having milk products or while smelling some specific smells. For such type of chronic conditions, there are special medications which can be taken based on doctor’s advice.

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Shenoy Nagar,
Tamil Nadu, India.

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