Kidney failure is when the sensors that specialize in fluid and electrolyte retention in the body stop performing normally. Generally, when fluid passes through the body a hormone called renin helps regulate the fluid and blood pressure regulation systems of the body. When enough of water is present in the body the kidneys release the excess as urine containing the excess salts and urea as well. When a person is dehydrated due to exercise and illness, the kidney regulates the urine output making it more concentrated to store the excess water in the body. It’s when there’s a malfunction of the kidneys that the excess fluid and electrolytes get stored in the body creating an electrolyte and fluid imbalance within.

Causes of Renal Failure:

Renal failure can be characterized by two, acute and chronic renal failure.

There are several reasons that can result in kidney failure. To highlight a few we have mentioned them below.

Acute Renal Failure:

1.Conditions that slow blood flow to the kidneys

2.Direct injury or damage to the kidneys

3.Urinary tubules in the kidney get blocked with waste

Chronic Renal Failure:
1.Recurring kidney infection

2.Multiple Cysts on the kidney

3.Autoimmune disorders like systemic lupus erythematosus

4.Hardening of artery walls that can damage blood vessels in the kidneys

5.Blocking in the urinary tract that causes recurrent infections, stone formation

6.Birth deformities that cause urine to flow backward

7.Excessive use of medications that are metabolized through the kidneys

Symptoms of Renal Failure:
    1. Swelling in the Feet, ankles, face or hands: fluid stays in the tissue causing swelling.

    2. Nausea and vomiting

    3. Urination: Change in color of urine, making more or less of urine, foamy urine, experiencing pressure while urination, having to wake up at night to pass urine

    4. Back or flank pain — the kidneys are located on either side of the spine in the back.

    5. Shortness of Breath: Fluid builds in the lungs and is often confused with asthma, or heart failure

    6. Loss of appetite

    7. Weakness: building up of waste can cause anemia, resulting in weakness

    8. More hypoglycemic episodes, if diabetic

    9. Itching can be a result of buildup of waste in the body

    10. Bad breath, ammonia or metal like taste in the mouth, aversion to meat, are all signs that are related to renal failure.


Acute Renal Failure:

Based on the cause of failure treatment is provided. Treatment can be given in the form of medication or dialysis depending on the severity of the situation.

Chronic Renal Failure:

Treatment of Complications through medication: For Cholesterol, blood pressure, anemia, swelling, and protection for your bones

End Stage Renal Failure:

Dialysis: It’s a procedure which artificially removes waste from the body when the kidney cannot. There are two type, hemodialysis where a machine filters the waste and peritoneal dialysis when a catheter is used to fill in the liquid into the abdominal cavity to remove the waste through osmosis.

Billroth hospitals which are a National Accreditation board for hospitals (NABH) certified, aims at providing standard health care with its world-class facilities and infrastructure. Our state of the art equipped technology and well-qualified doctors and nurse practitioners contribute to the success of the institution by providing maximum care and support to the patients. We are located at Shenoy Nagar and R.A.Puram in Chennai, India. We have doctors that specialize in Lung Cancer at our Dept. Of Nephrology.

Contact us for a consultation.

+91-44-42921777 ,


Billroth Hospitals, 43,
Lakshmi Talkies Road,
Shenoy Nagar,
Tamil Nadu, India.

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