When the digestion doesn’t happen it gets stuck in the digestive tract it is called bezoar. Food forms a huge sized bulk inside the tract preventing the food from digestion.
Our stomach takes 1.5 to 2 hours to get empty after having our food. Gastroparesis is a condition when your stomach more than the usual time. This delay causes serious issues.
Causes of Gastroparesis
When the nerves attached to stomach stop working, the condition of Gastroparesis occur. Some causes are diabetes, disorder of nervous system, attacks and some medications like pain killers and calcium blockers etc.
Some of the symptoms are:
You will feel that your stomach is full after having a little food.
A feeling of fullness after only a few bites of food.
You will feel an urge to vomit.
Without any reason food will return back to throat.
Gastroparesis patients may suffer from high or low blood sugar. It can occur due to diabetes which is beyond control. If you control your blood sugar level it will help to decrease the risk of Gastroparesis.
Your doctor will examine you physically. He will check your digestive system to know the reasons of Gastroparesis. Some of the tests are:
An examination called Gastric emptying scan, which helps to know how fast the stomach gets empty after having meal. Some particles of radioactive material are mixed in your food to view the inner side of the stomach. It shows how fast the stomach leaves the food.
Another test is Duodenal Manometry which checks the movement of the muscles. It also examines the complicacies of the muscles. It is done inside the stomach or may be in the upper part of the intestines.
Upper gastrointestinal series is a procedure to check the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract. This test is done with the help of barium contrast material, fluoroscopy and X-ray. The doctor will give water and barium contrast material before the test is done. The doctor will watch the movement of barium inside the stomach, oesophagus and the upper part of the small intestine on a screen. After that he will take different pictures from different angles.
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is a procedure to see the inner side of the stomach, inner faces of the oesophagus and upper part of the intestine. A small tube called endoscope is placed inside your mouth and slowly it is pushed down towards stomach through throat, oesophagus and upper part of duodenum.
Some of the measures to treat this disease include:
Take breaks in between every meal.
Don’t take too much food in one go.
Sometimes take liquids in place of meal.
Don’t go to sleep directly after having your food. Wait for at least 3 hours.
Have food which are high in fibre and have less fat.
Always take food slowly and chew properly.
If you are a diabetic patient then keep some food which can easily dilutes in your mouth instead of stomach.
Know your body well and treat accordingly.
Take the help of a dietician or your doctor to control your diet.
Surgery is the last option for gastroparesis patients.