Dyspepsia or Indigestion

Indigestion – scientifically termed as ‘Dyspepsia’ is not a disease but a common problem seen in many which cause slight discomfort or pain in the upper part of the abdomen. Indigestion or Dyspepsia can be detected based on a group of symptoms like nausea, bloating and burping. Generally, Dyspepsia causes due to contact of stomach acid with mucosa present in the digestive system. Mucosa is the sensitive lining of a digestive system acting as a protective shield. Stomach acids when coming into contact with mucosa, they will break down the mucosa causing inflammation and irritation leading to different symptoms of indigestion. Most of the Dyspepsia cases are linked to food habits and drinking. In some cases, it causes due to infection or particular medication.

Symptoms of Dyspepsia

Most of the people feel pain and discomfort in the upper abdomen or chest immediately after having food and drink. Whereas some people may feel symptoms after a certain gap of the meal and some may feel full during a meal even if they have not taken much. Based on cases, these are the common and uncommon symptoms seen in people suffering from indigestion.

    • Heartburn, Belching, Nausea, and Bloating

    • Cancer (Rare symptom)

    • Weight loss

    • Vomiting sensation

    • Chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating etc.

Causes of Indigestion

    • Eating rapid and heavy.

    • Consumption of spicy and fatty foods.

    • Consumption of too much of alcohol and other beverages, chocolates, caffeine and fizzy drinks.

    • Emotional trauma, Gallstones, an infection caused due to bacteria named as ‘Helicobacter pylori’.

    • Obesity, Gastritis, Hiatus Hernia, peptic ulcers, pancreatitis.

    • Smoking and consumption of some medications like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.

Treatment for Dyspepsia or Indigestion

Mostly indigestion causes due to improper lifestyle. This can be diagnosed easily by examining the symptoms. In most of the cases, we will see only mild symptoms which are mainly seen due to improper lifestyle habits. This can be diagnosed by bringing little changes in lifestyle like less consumption spicy and other fatty foods, low consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and other beverages, making sure to have at least 7 hours sleep every night. All these changes in lifestyle can diagnose dyspepsia to the maximum. Even if symptoms get severe, one should consult a doctor and take suggested medications. These are some suggested medication for indigestion problem.

    • Antacids like Rolaids, Mylanta, and Alka-Seltzer etc.

    • Proton pump inhibitors like Protonix, Zegerid, Prevacid, Nexium etc.

    • Antibiotics to fight with peptic ulcer causing bacteria – Helicobacter Pylori.

    • H-2-receptor antagonists like Tagamet, Zantac, axid and Pepcid.

    • Prokinetics which include raglan.

    • Antidepressants.

If you find more severe symptoms, then it is suggestible to consult a doctor and undergo the tests and medications suggested by him.

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Shenoy Nagar,
Tamil Nadu, India.

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