Appendix is a three and a half inch long tube made of tissue present in the human body. It is situated near the abdomen extending from the large intestine. It is difficult to say the exact function of the appendix in the human body. But one well-known thing is a human can survive without it as well.

Appendicitis is nothing but inflammation of the appendix organ. Based on the severity, it is termed as chronic or acute. It is a medical emergency which requires an immediate operation to remove the inflamed appendix from the body. If it is left untreated then the inflamed appendix may burst out spreading infectious material to the other parts of abdomen cavity. If it is not treated on time, the infection may spread further leading to peritonitis which is even more serious inflammation that will cause in the lining of the abdominal cavity. It turns out to be fatal if not treated immediately with suitable antibiotics.

Symptoms of Appendicitis

These are some symptoms which are commonly seen in the people affected with appendicitis.

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Swelling of the abdomen.
  • Little pain near the naval or at the upper part of the abdomen which considerably increases as it moves to the lower right of the abdomen. In most of the cases, this symptom is termed as first sign to detect appendicitis.
  • Inability to release internal gas.
  • Fever.
  • Nausea or vomiting sensation soon after the abdomen pain starts.
  • Pain in urination.
  • Diarrhea or constipation with a gas problem.
  • Serious cramps.
Diagnosis of Appendicitis

T is really difficult to diagnose appendicitis as all the symptoms are highly similar to other diseases like urinary infection, gastritis, oval problems and intestinal infections. These are some common tests which are helpful to diagnose appendicitis,

  • Examination of the abdomen to detect inflammation.
  • Rectal exam.
  • Ultrasound or CT scans.
  • Blood test.
  • Urine test to check out for urinary tract infection.
Treatment for Appendicitis

Appendectomy is the only standard treatment to treat appendicitis. Appendectomy is a surgery to remove the inflamed appendix from the body to avoid further rupture. If the inflammation of appendix caused with the formation of abscess then there is a two step treatment suggested by doctors in which initially fluid and pus is drained and the later appendix is removed. But if the appendicitis is acute then it can be treated with antibiotics avoiding surgery.

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Tamil Nadu, India.

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