In a human body, the liver produces bile which is a greenish yellow substance looks like thick sticky liquid. It is responsible for digestion by allowing fats, cholesterol, fat soluble vitamins easy to absorb directly from the intestine. Bile is also responsible for the elimination of certain waste products like excess cholesterol and by-products of drugs from the body.

In the human body, the biliary tract is associated with small tubes or ducts which carry bile from the liver to gallbladder and from there to small intestine. The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped sac located just below the liver carrying bile in it. When we eat, the gallbladder will contract to push bile towards small intestine through bile ducts.

In general, flow of bile from gallbladder is blocked sometimes due to some reasons like,

  • Bile duct injury during surgery of gallbladder.

  • Tumors present in pancreas or bile ducts.

  • Pancreatic disorders which narrow the bile ducts that are passing through the pancreas.

  • Parasite infestation.

  • Gallstones that pass out from the gallbladder into ducts.

Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Disorders

There are many types of disorders that may cause due to improper functioning and inflammation of the gallbladder. These are some of the biliary tract disorders and gallbladder disorders listed here.

  • Cholecystitis

  • Biliary pain without gallstones

  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

  • Gallstones

  • Choledocholithiasis

Treatment for these Disorders

In these disorder types, the treatment is mainly aimed to resolve the root cause of its occurrence. The main aim of medical treatment will be to assuage the blockage leading to disorders. For different types of disorders, there are different types of treatments suggested by doctors. Some of the treatment options preferred for these types of disorders are ERCP and cholecystectomy. ERCP treatment option is enough for removing small stones from common bile duct or to place a stent inside the duct in order to restore the flow of bile. A cholecystectomy is a treatment option in which gallbladder is removed if there are gallstones. Other than these treatment options, one can control these disorders by bringing some changes to their lifestyle and avoiding certain food and beverages.

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Billroth Hospitals, 43,
Lakshmi Talkies Road,
Shenoy Nagar,
Tamil Nadu, India.

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