What do you mean by Belching, Bloating, and Flatulence?
Intestinal gas is the common thing which often causes a disturbance in our abdomen through the gas problem. Gas present in the intestinal tract is responsible for belching, bloating, flatulence and abdominal cramps. All these symptoms are easily resolved once the gas released by flatulence.
Belching is nothing but a normal process which persists when swallowed air was accumulated into the stomach. This air can be sent back or passed out of the stomach into the small intestine further sending it as rectal gas (flatus).
Bloating is a fullness sensation that appears in the upper abdomen. It is mostly influenced by the food or air accumulation in the stomach. Some may experience a symptom of normal amounts of gastric gas as well when they are affected.
Flatulence is referred to the process of passage of rectal gas. The gas is mostly a combination of swallowed air and the amount of gas produced by the action of colon bacteria on undigested food or carbohydrates.
Causes for Belching, Bloating and Flatulence
Generally, every human being will swallow air during eating process and individuals like us may swallow excess due to the suction process carried out on candies or chewing gum. Other than these, drinking carbonated beverages like beer or soda will also generate excess air. Sometimes, in excitement human being will swallow excess air and poorly fitting dentures along with chronic post nasal drip also leads to excess air swallowing. All these things will add a significant amount of gas into the stomach and small bowel which may further lead to belching, flatulence and bloating.
There are some carbohydrates which cannot be digested by the enzymes present in the small intestine which leads them towards colon where bacteria metabolize them to carbon dioxide and hydrogen gasses. Bran, cauliflower, cabbage, beans, and broccoli are some types of such food. Many people may experience abdominal cramps, flatulence, and bloat symptoms when they take milk, ice cream and certain cheese due to lack of lactase enzyme which is compulsory to digest milk sugars.
Bacterial overgrowth is another cause for abdominal distension and bloating. Of course, this is not an infection but occurs when the small intestine has an excess amount of bacteria with it. An excess amount of bacteria present in the small intestine is responsible for increased intestinal gas production leading to the above symptoms. Sometimes underlying constipation also contributes to bloating and abdominal distension.
Treatment for Bloating, Belching, and Flatulence
In order to treat all these conditions, patients should avoid taking food and beverages leading to these symptoms. Simethicone products are termed as the best treatment for gaseousness whereas bismuth sub-salicylate is used for reduction of noxious odor of rectal gasses. Based on the type of symptom, there are many types of medications available for belching, bloating and flatulence.