Adrenal glands are located above each kidney. Cancers of the adrenal gland are usually seen in the outer layers of the gland. It resembles a tumor, and a cancerous tumor is called an adreno-cortical carcinoma.
1. Age: Cancer may occur with age, and is diagnosed in age groups of 40-50 years.
2. Family History: May been seen in individuals who have a family history of Li-Fraumeni syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, and familial adenomatous polyposis.
3. Smoking: heavy smokers are at an increased risk of developing adrenal cancer.
The symptoms differ based on the type of adrenal cancer you have:
A cancerous tumor producing too many hormones causes symptoms of:
high blood pressure
Tumors that secrete too much cortisol (Stress Hormone):
fat behind the neck and shoulders
hair growth on the face, chest, and back (in women)
weight gain around the chest and stomach
weakness in the legs
Tumors that secrete increased estrogen cause symptoms such as:
breast growth (in boys)
decreased sex drive and impotence (in men)
early maturity in girls
Tumors that secrete testosterone cause symptoms such as:
increased muscle mass
increased growth of facial and body hair
In certain cases, the tumors are large and are seen pressing on the nearby organs. This may result in pain in the abdomen or a feeling of fullness.
The main types of treatment for adrenal cancer are:
Surgery: Complete removal of tumor
Radiation: Treatment focused on changing the DNA of the cells
Chemotherapy: Drugs given intravenously to kill the cancer cells and prevent further spread
Billroth hospitals which are a National Accreditation board for hospitals (NABH) certified, aims at providing standard health care with its world-class facilities and infrastructure. Our state of the art equipped technology and well-qualified doctors and nurse practitioners contribute to the success of the institution by providing maximum care and support to the patients. We are located at Shenoy Nagar and R.A.Puram in Chennai, India. We have doctors that specialize in Lung Cancer at our Dept. Of Oncology
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