billroth-hospitals

ACUTE DIARRHEA

Introduction

Diarrhea can occur suddenly and it can last for less time or may for a longer period that may reach four weeks. Acute diarrhea is a general phenomenon. Mostly it gives ease in a less time but sometimes it takes long time. It makes the body dehydrated and takes away the liquid. In such case body the patient has to take ample amount of liquids to get rid of dehydration. Normal eating should be continued to get the energy as much as possible. If the problems persists after all the precautions then visiting the doctor is recommended.

Causes

Gut infection or gastrointestinal infection is the basic cause of Diarrhea. When this sudden infection happens it is called acute diarrhea. Like other diseases diarrhea also caused through bacteria, germs and viruses. Infected food and water can also cause diarrhea. It is about the germs. The germ can come through different sources. Virus spreads easily from one place to place another through person to person or food to food.

Some other causes include excessive beer drinking, medicinal side effect and anxiety.

Symptoms

The main symptom is diarrhoea, often with being sick (vomiting) as well. Diarrhoea means loose or watery stools (faeces), usually at least three times in 24 hours. Blood or mucus can appear in the stools with some infections.

Some of the symptoms of diarrhea are vomiting, loose and watery stools three to four times or more in 24 hours a day. Blood or mucus can be found in the stool. Sometimes the patient may feel sudden pain in the tummy which is very general. The pain may push the patient to pass stool frequently. Sometimes fever with high temperature, headache and pain in limbs are visible. The dehydration symptoms include headache, feeling tired, dizziness, dry mouth, stomach cramps and weakness etc.

When normal diarrhea occurs the patient doesn’t need to see the doctor. A normal diarrhea is mild and can be treated easily at home. The patient needs a check up if he recently visited some place and came in contact with someone who has the same symptoms. Sometimes it happens due to some medications. If the patient continues to dehydrate, vomiting doesn’t stop and unable to keep the liquid in the body. In such cases immediate treatment is required.

Treatment

We have already discussed about the symptoms of diarrhea. When the symptoms are severe or it gets complicated one has to get admitted in the hospital. The patient should take maximum liquids to evade dehydration. Intake of 200 ml after every time the patient passes stool. Eating should not be avoided at all in diarrhea. Small meals should be taken. Intake of all fatty foods, spicy items and heavy food should be avoided in diarrhea. Only plain food is permissive at this time. Rice and whole wheat bread are good foods and are easy to digest. The patient should take medicines as per the doctor’s recommendations. Some of the medicines are Loperamide which is the safest medicine. The starting of adult dose should be two capsules in a day. It should be taken each time after passing the stool followed by one capsule. It slows down the gut movement. The intake of Loperamide should not exceed more than five days.

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ADDRESS
Billroth Hospitals, 43,
Lakshmi Talkies Road,
Shenoy Nagar,
Chennai-30.
Tamil Nadu, India.

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